LIPNO

LIPNO, town in Warsaw district. Jews are first mentioned in Lipno in 1677. In 1736 the community paid a poll tax of 150 zlotys. In 1808 there were 777 Jews (85% of the total population) in the town. Between 1824 and 1864 the authorities compelled the Jews to reside in a separate quarter. The Jewish population numbered 892 in 1827, increasing to 1,558 (40%) in 1857, and 2,079 (36%) in 1897. At that time more than 50% of the town's commerce was in Jewish hands. In 1921 there were 2,443 Jews (29%) in the town itself and 4,795 (5.2%) in the district. There were 102 Jewish industrial enterprises. (Encyclopaedia Judaica (Germany) -Holocaust Period During World War II, Lipno belonged to Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen, included in the Reich by Hitler's decree of Oct. 26, 1939. Before the war, Lipno had about 1,300 Jews. When the war broke out many Jews fled to the east, mainly to the western towns of the General Government. The Warsaw   ghetto in August 1940 had about 300 Jewish refugees from Lipno. By the end of December 1939, the town was declared judenrein . (Danuta Dombrowska) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Warsaw, Archiwum Akt Dawnych, Akty Komisji rządowej do spraw wewnętrznych, no. 107; E. Heller, Żydowskie przedsiębiorstwa przemysłowe w Polsce…, 1 (1922); B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce… (1930), 23; I. Schiper, Dzieje handlu żydowskiego na ziemiach polskich (1937), index.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Lipno — Lipno, 1) Kreis des russischen Gouvernements Plock (Polen), durch die Drewenz von Preußen geschieden, hat 100,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt darin, mit philologischer Kreisschule, Fabriken u. 3500 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lipno — Lipno, Kreisstadt im russisch poln. Gouv. Plozk, am Mnin, einem Nebenfluß der Weichsel, mit Gerberei, Getreidehandel und (1897) 6016 Einw.; wurde 1379 gegründet …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lipno — Lipno, Kreisstadt im russ. poln. Gouv. Plozk, am Mjen (zur Weichsel), 6016 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lipno — 1 Original name in latin Lipno Name in other language LIPNO, Lipno, ЛИПНО State code PL Continent/City Europe/Warsaw longitude 52.84436 latitude 19.17852 altitude 90 Population 14821 Date 2010 09 15 2 Original name in latin Lipno Name in other… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • Lipno I — Sp Lipnas I Ap Lipno I L Vltavos tvenkinys Čekijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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